Private Psychology Service in Sleaford
counselling | counsellor
counselling | counsellor
Dr. Philippa East
BA (Hons), DClinPsy, CPsychol
Chartered Psychologist & Therapist
Therapy Approaches
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) for the psychological treatment of depression, anxiety disorders, OCD, phobias, post-traumatic stress disorder and bulimia nervosa, among others. CBT targets the vicious cycles of thoughts ("cognitions") and behaviours (how we act) that maintain emotional distress, and helps you to recognise and proactively change these stuck patterns.  CBT is a structured therapy and differs from a traditional counselling approach in that it gives you concrete skills and strategies to combat your difficulties whilst still allowing you to work through your struggles in a safe and non-judgemental environment. A course of CBT can be very brief (4-6 sessions), or more extensive (for example up to 20 sessions). Tasks or exercises are often set between therapy appointments. For more information on CBT see here:
Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a specialist trauma therapy, recommended by NICE in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It can also be used in the treatment of other psychological difficulties. EMDR seeks to unblock and adaptively process negative psychological material (e.g. intrusive thoughts, distressing emotions or bodily symptoms, unhealthy behavioural responses) connected with traumatic or distressing life events, including those experienced in childhood. EMDR uses the unique technique of "bi-lateral stimulation" (alternating right-left eye movements, taps or sound tones) to help engage the brain's own natural mechanism for emotional healing. EMDR is a very powerful therapy, but one which always goes at your pace and keeps you in charge of the process. For a very focused piece of work, EMDR can take just a few therapy sessions. For more complex work, for example with multiple or childhood trauma, a number of (blocks of) sessions would usually be required. For more information on EMDR see here:
Cognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT) is a particularly useful approach for problematic and repeating patterns in the way you relate to others and to yourself. CAT can help you make sense of these relationship patterns in light of early attachments or key figures in your life, and find ways to step out of these unhelpful interpersonal cycles. CAT has a strong focus on the relationship between you and your therapist, allowing you to try out new ideas within the security of the therapeutic bond. A course of CAT is typically between 6 and 24 sessions. For more information on CAT see here:
Schema Therapy has a strong focus on the impact of childhood experiences on an individual's style of coping, relating and functioning in their life. This therapy explores how unmet childhood needs can shape your fundamental beliefs and feelings about yourself, others and the world, causing you to act in maladaptive ways and to unwittingly perpetuate these "life-traps". Schema therapy is traditionally a long-term therapy (up to three years), but elements of this approach can be incorporated into other, briefer therapies. For more information on schema therapy see here: